Horses are mammals that we often encounter on the road. The familiar characteristics of horses make it easy for us to recognize these animals. We often encounter horses on the streets because many Indonesian people use them as fields to make a living. One example of the use of horses for humans is as a means of transportation. It’s no wonder that horses are used as a means of transportation because of their strong strength and endurance. An example is the wagon, which is traditional transportation that uses horsepower. But you know, Friends of Blue, there are characteristics of horses that may still be rarely known. Here are the characteristics of horses, uses, and unique facts.
General Characteristics of Horses
Horses have general characteristics that can be seen from their appearance, namely:
• The head is round slightly elongated.
• The shape of the muscles is very dense.
• The bones, muscles in the legs and thighs are prominent.
• The tail hair is black and sometimes mixed.
Quantitatively, the average weight of an adult horse ranges from 380 to 1000 kg and the height of an adult horse reaches 1.4 to 1.8 m. Horse running speed can reach 48 km / hour. Horses are long-lived animals, horse age can reach 30 years and gestation period of 11-12 months. Based on their size, posture, and use, horses are divided into three types. Types of horses based on their posture, size, and use, namely;
Light Type Horse
Horses belonging to this type have a height of 1.45 to 1.70 m, body weights ranging from 450 to 700 kg. The characteristics of this light type horse are the small size of the bones and the legs that appear thin. The nature of the mild horse is vigorous, active, and agile. Its nimble and nimble nature is supported by its light weight. This type of horse is often used as a riding horse, race horse, and pull horse.
Heavy Type Horse
Heavy type horses have a height that is relatively the same as light horses, which ranges from 1.45 to 1.75 m. Horse body weight reaches more than 700 kg. The movement of this type of horse tends to be slow because of its large and heavy body weight.
The height of a pony is less than 1.45 m and its body weight ranges from 250 kg to 450 kg. Some ponies are descended from light type horses. The nature of the pony is agile, friendly, and docile.
Horses are also one of the mammals that occupy pasture ecosystems. The existence of horses that usually exist in the hills is rarely found because now horses have been turned into livestock.
Horses are very social animals. They live in groups called herds. The rest consists of females and their young.
Horses are herbivorous animals, this means they only eat plants. Typically, horses eat grass, but domesticated horses are often fed bran, rolled oats, wheat, and hay. A horse that eats well eats 1 to 2 percent of its body weight in fiber, such as grass or hay every day.
Domestic horses are also given blocks of salt and minerals to lick. This is to increase the nutrition the horses get from their diet. Horses have only one stomach, unlike cows. So to get enough food, a horse has to eat grass all day long.
The horse will give birth to a foal after about 11 months of pregnancy. Some people mistake baby ponies for ponies. In fact, foals are still called foals. Ponies are a type of horse whose size is quite short, which is less than 147 cm.
The foal can stand some time after birth. The growth of foals is quite fast, they will mature at 3 to 5 years of age. At 2 years of age, male colts are driven out of the herd by adult stallions. Young males are prohibited from hanging out in a herd until they find a female they can lead.
Interesting Horse Facts
• Horses can sleep lying down and standing.
• Horses can run shortly after birth.
• Horses have about 205 bones in their skeleton.
• Horses are herbivores (plant eaters).
• Horses have larger eyes than other land-dwelling mammals.
• Horses are able to see nearly 360 degrees at a time.
• The horses are running at a speed of about 44 KM / hour.
• The fastest running speed recorded by a horse is 88 KM / Hour.
• It is estimated that there are about 60 million horses in the world.