Today cat owners celebrate international cat day. This celebration is often manifested with respect and affection for cats. Affection can also be realized by maintaining the health of your beloved cat. Paying attention to the cleanliness and health of a cat can keep this pet away from diseases that can be dangerous for him and for the cat owner. Cats that are not kept clean can make humans contract dangerous diseases. Citing various sources, here are the diseases that cats may spread to humans.
Bartonellosis is a disease caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae. The human body can become infected with bacteria from the bite or claw of an infected cat. If infected, symptoms appear such as swollen lymph nodes, especially in the head, neck and arms, fever, coconut pain, weakness, weight loss and loss of appetite. It is difficult for people to detect cats that are infected with bacteria because cats do not show symptoms of disease. To reduce disease transmission, you should reduce playing with cats, wash away cat bites, scratches and do not let the cat lick the wound on the surface of the skin.
Cryptosporidiosis is diarrhea caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium. Parasites can be transmitted to humans if they come into contact with the feces of infected animals such as dogs, cats and livestock. Apart from diarrhea, the infection can cause stomach cramps, fever, seizures, and vomiting. The disease can heal by itself, unless the human immune system is weak, this disease can be fatal.
The hookworm, aka hookworm, can live in the intestines of dogs and cats. Worm eggs can come out with animal feces. Humans can become infected after contact with soil containing worms. When the worms enter the body through the skin, they cause extreme pain and itching. When ingested, the worms will cause bleeding, inflammation and pain in the stomach. Worm infections can be cured after taking anti-parasitic drugs.
This disease is caused by infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. It is quite common in the world and usually adults with a good immune system do not need medical treatment to recover from infection. Parasites can infect pets such as birds and cats. Humans can catch parasites through contact with cat feces or water that is contaminated with feces, contaminated raw meat and undercooked meat. Experts prefer pregnant women not to have contact with pets because they can have a high risk of pregnancy problems such as miscarriage, stillbirth or congenital toxoplasmosis which causes brain damage, hearing loss and vision problems in the baby after birth.
These bacteria are often found in infected animal feces and contaminated food products during the manufacturing process. In general, raw or undercooked chicken is the most common cause of infection for humans. If infected, the symptoms include abdominal cramps, diarrhea, sometimes bloody, nausea and vomiting and fever.
Although it bears the name ‘worm’, this disease is not caused by worms but by fungi. Humans generally get fungal infections through direct contact with dogs and cats. Ringworm infection can cause itching and a painful rash. These rashes can become scales and blistered. It is important to keep pets clean because this fungus can easily infect humans, especially children.