5 Unique Facts of Hornbills, Endemic Endemic to Kalimantan

Hornbills or often called hornbills are identical to their large beak. This bird has a habitat only in Africa and Southeast Asia, including Indonesia. This bird also seems to be sacred by the Dayak tribe. The Dayak people place the position of the hornbill as respecting the creator. Almost all parts of the hornbill’s body are symbolized by objects used in the daily life of the Dayak people. For example, traditional houses, traditional clothes, and even tattoos that symbolize this bird.

Currently, the presence of hornbills is very rare. The status of this big-beaked bird is included in the list of endangered animals Here are facts about the hornbill, the large beak that is endangered.

1. Consisting of 57 species

Hornbills are omnivores. They like to eat fruit and small animals such as lizards, mice, insects and even snakes.

This bird has 57 species in nature. The most famous species include the genus Aceros, Anorrhinus, Anthracoceros, Berenicornis, and many other species that are in their natural habitat on the plains of southern Africa.

2. Including Loyal Birds

Unlike other types of birds, which like to change partners. This bird is one of the animal species that is monogamous, or only has one partner for the rest of its life. When one of these partners dies, the spouse that was left behind will not remarry.

This loyalty is also evident when the female hornbill lays eggs. When the eggs are collected and ready to be incubated, the female hornbill lives in a tree hole where the nest is covered in mud. During this process, nearly four months, the male hornbill accompanies the female hornbill and provides food from the narrow hole.

3. Living in big and tall trees

The third fact about this hornbill is that it usually lives in large and tall trees. This bird is a species with a fairly large body size and weight. .

Large diameter trees can only be found in the wilderness. Therefore, these birds mostly live in the forest. The existence of fewer and fewer forests makes hornbills rare and even endangered.

4. Reached 70 years of age

Hornbills have a long life if they can live well in the wild. In general, they can live up to 70 years. However, this bird’s life span cannot reach 70 years if it is in captivity.

5. Includes Protected Birds

The status of this hornbill is very protected, including in Indonesia. This is because its existence is already endangered. Anyone who catches this bird in the wild without permission from the authorities will be subject to a fairly severe criminal penalty.